Hip replacement is a type of complicated surgery, in which the joint present in the hip is replaced by an implant, which is prosthetic, and it is called hip prosthesis also. This surgical procedure of replacing hip is performed in two ways. Either the hip joint is fully replaced, or hemi or half replacement of the joint is done. This type of replacement surgery is a completely orthopedic surgery and is mainly conducted to relieve the patients of arthritis pain or any type of hip fractures. At present, it is one of the most common, popular orthopedic surgeries, with high success rates, where the patients receive short or long-term satisfaction. The satisfaction received, varies widely depending on the age-gender type of fracture problems and surgery.
A complete hip replacement is mainly done to treat a type of joint failure which occurs due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, protrusionacetabula, bone tumors, both benign or malignant, fractures, avascular necrosis and other types of various hip related ailments. The main aim of the surgical procedure is to improve most of the hip functions this. This procedure is only considered and done by the doctors if other probable solutions and remedies such as therapies or medications do not work.
Obviously, there are various types of risks and complications in these types of complex surgical procedures. It may involve infection, inequality of the length of the limbs, metal sensitivity, chronic pain, loosening and even death in severe cases. But in the 21st century, these problems and side effects of hip replacement surgery have reduced in a great extent. Doctors nowadays carefully suggest hip replacement only after considering following conditions such as:
- The gender of the patient
- The age of the patient
- Previous trauma
- The severe necessary or needs of the surgeries
There are many long terms as well as short-term problems that have been found out by the hip replacement surgeries. Osteolysis is one of the major side effects including inflammation, infection and many others. Usually, the doctors suggest physical therapy and other medications to avoid these surgeries.
The cost of hip replacement surgeries varies in different countries. The average cost of total hip replacement is not very high in the United States or the United Kingdom or Spain and in other developed or developing countries. The hip replacement surgery cost in India is moderate and any normal middle-class person in India can afford it. Though nowadays, the hip replacement surgery is becoming quite popular as well as very common among people, it is equally very risky. These complex surgical procedures involve various short time as well as long-term problems and other risk elements. The condition of the patients often deteriorates after surgeries. So before considering hip replacement surgery, one should always consult a professional or a trained physician or an expert and experienced surgeon. One should know all the risk factors, the problems, the side effects before opting for a surgery.